Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

VFOA currently consists of three main projects involved with the following communities: Panamanians of West Indian Descent, Middle Tennessee Worldviews, and Black Women Travelers, Immigrants, Expatriates, and Tourists.

VFOA is a publicly engaged research project dedicated to collecting, preserving, and disseminating forgotten, hidden, or unknown stories of American experience. We believe that the story of America, and of any particular nation within America, cannot be truly captured and told if so many voices are left out. VFOA seeks to raise the volume of these voices from faint whispers to a place of powerful and deliberate expression through two core dimensions:

  • The first gathers oral and life histories through interviews and conducts archival research with and on specific populations.
  • The second component works with individuals, schools, and community groups, using the interviews as a basis for innovative approaches to educating the peoples of America about each other.

VFOA's materials, models, and methods aim to round out America's story and by doing so provide a venue through which students, faculty, community members, and institutions can work collaboratively to advance awareness, connectedness, and cooperation. Through curriculum development resources, community education workshops, publications, and public history programs, we aim to advance understanding across cultures and generations in Our America.

To learn more about our respondents, please see a selection of biographies and interview clips.

VFOA gathers its new narratives of American experience through semi-structured interviews conducted based on interview guides tailored for each focus community. Interviewees in each focus site are identified through snowball, random, and judgment sampling. Interviews are conducted primarily by project personnel from within the focus communities, and are done in accordance with established VFOA protocols. These protocols include consent forms that allow respondents to specify whether and how they wish their interview to be handled and/or made public and confidentiality agreements, which require interviewers, other project staff, and contractors to operate in accordance with the stipulations on those consent forms. The interviews presented here have been transcribed using the intelligent verbatim model, in which ums and ahs are deleted, but the rest of the text remains exactly as spoken.

In terms of methodology, the project, especially in its reliance on interviews as its primary information-gathering tool, is clearly interdisciplinary. As such, it employs language, approaches, and values from Sociology, Anthropology, History, and Literary and Cultural studies. This blended approach is intended to allow the study to better identify and productively address the gaps in knowledge about its subject populations, gaps that have recurred because the paradigms with which scholars have approached work on these populations have been restricted by too-rigid disciplinary boundaries. The interview guide, particularly in its focus on questions of identity, cultural memory, family, and community, is highly influenced by Literary Studies and Sociology. Hints of anthropological ethnography appear in the study's focus on encouraging lengthy narrative statements rather than shorter, more structured answers. Reflections of the attentiveness in contemporary Literary studies scholarship to the already questionable "truth" contained within autobiographies and testimonies, to notions of the "hybrid" and doubly creolized identities born of the secondary and tertiary migrations of African Diaspora peoples; and the unconscious transmission of memory and cultural knowledge among generations are evident in the framing of the questions.

VFOA's goal is to capture as many individual viewpoints and experiences as possible, so the project's purpose is not to gather an exactly proportional or representative sample of the population, or to measure the stories against historical data, or to prove any predetermined or hypothesized truth. This project's intention is to elicit more primary source knowledge so that teachers, scholars, and community members will not have to be as dependent on external and official histories and documents as they have been. New primary sources build the foundation for generating a more nuanced discourse on the communities of Our America, and, simply put, make more perspectives on these populations possible.

If you are interested in joining the team or bringing VFOA to your community, please contact us.

For more information regarding VFOA, please visit Press & Publications. For bibliographical material on Panamanians of West Indian descent, please visit the Bibliography in our Digital Library.